Kongres na temat praw LGBTQ we francuskim Zgromadzeniu Narodowym

Na zaproszenie francuskiego Ministerstwa Spraw Zagranicznych do Paryża w ten weekend zjeżdżają przedstawiciele rządów i organizacji pozarządowych LGBTQ. W sali pałacu Burbonów – Zgromadzenia Narodowego, odbędą się główne obrady. Następnie szacowni delegaci wezmą udział w szeregu „okrągłych stołów” na temat konkretnych spraw ważnych dla osób LGBTQ.

Rozmiary wydarzenia wprawiają wręcz w osłupienie. Po zeszłorocznej rezolucji ONZ na temat homoseksualności to drugie tego typu wydarzenie na skalę światową. Za obydwa odpowiada Rama Yade, francuska wiceminister spraw zagranicznych odpowiedzialna za prawa człowieka. Współorganizatorami wydarzeń są paryskie ambasady Holandii i Norwegii.

Bardzo ciekawie prezentują się tez tematy do poruszenia w „podstolikach”. Oprócz kwestii implementacji Deklaracji ONZowskiej na uwagę zasługują zagadnienia współpracy rządów i organizacji LGBTQ, finansowanie ruchu LGBTQ na rzecz zapewnienia przestrzegania praw człowieka (!!), rola organizacji religijnych LGBTQ (!!) i bardzo obszerny dział dotyczący osób transgender.

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Dla (dobrego!) przykładu podajemy pełną treść programu w języku angielskim:

Round tables

Round table 1: Progress and challenges towards universal decriminalization (Coordinator: Joël Bedos / International Day against Homophobia and Transphobia Committee)

Panel 1: The context/foundation of the UN Statement: What took us there?
- How have advancements within the UN on related matters (gender, health, development, etc.) enabled a sexual orientation and gender identity agenda to move forward?
- What have been the past and more recent initiatives within the UN system, how have sexual orientation and gender identity issues been addressed and how have they impacted the decision to take it to the General Assembly?
- What has been the role of civil society, governments and the UN itself in these processes?

Panel 2: Why does the UN Statement matter?
- The Statement has been welcomed as a „landmark achievement” in the promotion of the respect of human rights for sexual minorities. But what specific benefits can such a Statement have now, especially for people at field level in the countries that this Statement targets in the first place, i.e. in States that still penalize same sex behavior and gender variance?
- What can be done at local level to have real impact on LGBT people and their defenders?
- What should NGOs, experts, supportive governments, media, etc., do in order for this Statement to translate into real action?

Panel 3: The way forward
- The UN Statement was never meant to be an isolated initiative. It fits into a wider strategy to ensure LGBT human rights concerns are effectively taken into account by UN bodies and mechanisms. How can we build on the Statement and past initiatives in the UN, and beyond, to go further towards this objective and what could be the next steps?
- What are the necessary conditions and processes for this to happen in a constructive and productive way that help overcome rather than exacerbate existing tensions between existing blocks?

Round table 2: How can States and civil society cooperate to fight against human rights violations against LGBT people? (Coordinator: Bernard Scholl / Amnesty International)

Panel 1: Policy, dialogue, cooperation and government support
- How can NGOs cooperate with governments to combat human rights violations that affect LGBT people? Discussion will be held on typical examples of field level documentation on human rights violations.
- Unproductive fragmentation within the community of human rights defenders exists, resulting in diminished effectiveness and scattered support. How can this problem be overcome?
- What do local LGBT groups need? What does the global LGBT movement need to support them? How can NGOs support one another and form umbrella associations? What kind of official support or approval might be needed?

Panel 2: Funding the LGBT movement
- All too often, LGBT groups remain small, with no office space, and very few full-time paid activists. How can more funds be channeled into the international LGBT sector?
- What can be done to address the serious under-investment in the sector, that extends beyond earmarked HIV / AIDS funding especially through increased government aid to the sector, and increased funding of research on human rights violations around the world?

Panel 3: The role of religious LGBT associations
- An important component of civil society is the religious sphere but religious attitudes and government policy sometimes go hand in hand. Productive exchanges among LGBT associations, religious institutions and governments are needed to progress on this issue.
- What can be the role of religious LGBT associations? What methodology do they use to convince their religious hierarchies to accept them as believers and clerics?

Round table 3: The respect of the right to health of LGBT people
(Coordinator: Antonio Manganella / AIDES) There will only be two different panels within this third round table. The second panel will therefore be split in different sub-items, and will include about 8 experts.

Panel 1: The impact of penalizing homosexuality and gender identity on universal access to health care
Through direct testimonies from people involved in the fight against discrimination against LGBT people, in particular concerning access to health care, this first panel proposes to answer the following questions:
- How does not respecting human rights slow down access to health care for LGBT people?
- How did prevention and care programs appear within contexts of human rights violations?

Panel 2: The role of the health development aid policy in the fight against homophobia
This second panel proposes to analyze the strengths and weaknesses of development aid policies in defending LGBT people’s human rights. It will try to answer the following questions:
- How is the human rights dimension being incorporated into health care programs?
- How can donors be sure that aid benefits the entire population, including LGBT people?
- How can they share and convey good practices?
- How do health programs also help develop civil society organizations, which defend LGBT people’s human rights?
Africagay contre le VIH’s experience will be presented as an example of this type of organization in French-speaking African countries.

Round table 4: Human rights and gender identity (Coordinator: Mauro Cabral / Mulabi Argentina et GATE)

Panel 1: Transphobia, today, everywhere
- The panel will address the issues of definition (cultural, social, religious and legal foundations) and representation of transphobia.
- Human rights violations related to transphobia will be analysed through key concepts, such as gender identity and gender expression. All analyses will be articulated considering intersectionality as a general framework, seeing the existent and pervasive connections among transphobia and ethnicity, migrant status, sexology, religion, poverty, physical and mental (dis-)ability, age, etc.
- This panel will also address penalisation and pathologization as common threats that affect Trans lives all around the world, and governmental and civil campaigns against transphobia.

Panel 2: Legal recognition and human rights
- This panel will be focused on legal approaches to gender identity issues –addressing, in particular, its legal recognition as its main topic.
- How do specific legal systems understand gender identity? (Analysis of different legal-normative frameworks around the world, including their actual implementation).
- A particular link will be established between the requirements and conditions for having access to legal recognition and human rights violations, such as those implicated by pathologization, sterilisation and genital surgeries as legal requirements.

Panel 3: Promoting social change, granting rights
- Current possibilities and limits of Trans organisations around the world (legality, validity and funding).
- Situation of gender identity and gender expression issues at national and supranational levels (including the UN, OAS, MERCOSUR, Council of Europe).
- How do gender identity and gender expression issues intersect with other agendas (such as human rights and sexual and reproductive rights agendas), and how are Trans issues specifically articulated by civil and governmental agendas?




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